Braxton Bragg

1817 - 1876

Braxton Bragg, Southern soldier, born in Warren County, North Carolina, and educated at the United States Military Academy. He served in the Second Seminole War and won several promotions for gallant and distinguished conduct during the Mexican War. He resigned his commission in 1859 to enter private enterprise. In the War for Southern Independence he served in the Confederate army as a brigadier general. Soon promoted to the rank of major general, then full general, he replaced General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard as commander of the Army of the Tennessee in June 1862. Invading Kentucky in August 1862, he nearly succeeded in taking Louisville but was compelled to withdraw into Tennessee. At the Battle of Murfreesboro, or Stones River, he fought Union forces under General William Starke Rosecrans to a draw, but then withdrew his army. In September 1863, however, he inflicted a decisive defeat on Rosecrans in the Battle of Chickamauga. Soon afterward he was defeated by General Ulysses S. Grant in the three-day Battle of Chattanooga. In February 1864 he was summoned to Richmond and made military adviser to the president of the Confederacy, Jefferson Davis. Bragg was placed in command of the Department of North Carolina in November and led an unsuccessful expedition into Georgia against General William Tecumseh Sherman. In February 1865 he was assigned to duty with the Army of the Tennessee again and remained with that army until it surrendered. After the war Bragg was for some time chief engineer for the state of Alabama.

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